Liparis cespitosa (Lam.) Lindl.

in Bot. Reg. 11. 882 (1825).

Synonymes

Liparis neo-guineensis (Schltr.) Schltr. in Orch. D. N. Guinea. 209 (1911).

Liparis revoluta Hooker & Arnott in Bot. Beechey Voy.: 70 (1832).

Cestichis caespitosa (Thouars) Ames in Orch. 2: 132 (1908).

Epidendrum caespitosum Lam. in Encycl. M├ęth. Bot. 1: 187 (1783). (basionyme)

Leptorchis caespitosa (Thouars) Kuntze in Rev. Gen. 2: 671 (1891).

Leptorchis duthiei (Hook.f.) Kuntze in Rev. Gen. 2: 671 (1891).

Leptorchis minima (Blume) Kuntze in Rev. Gen. 2: 671 (1891).

Leptorchis obscura (Hook.f.) Kuntze in Rev. Gen. 2: 671 (1891).

Leptorchis prainii (Hook.f.) Kuntze in Rev. Gen. 2: 671 (1891).

Leptorchis pusilla (Ridl.) Kuntze in Rev. Gen. 2: 671 (1891).

Liparis angustifolia (Blume) Lindl. in Gen. Sp. Orch. Pl.: 31 (1830).

Liparis auriculata Rchb.f. in Flora 55 : 277 (1872).

Liparis comosa Ridl. in Journ. Linn. Soc. 32: 229 (1896).

Liparis duthiei Hook.f. in Ic. Pl. T. 1857. B

Liparis minima (Blume) Lindl. in Gen. Sp. Orch. Pl.: 32 (1830).

Liparis minima var. neo-guineensis Schltr. in K. Schum.&Ltb., Nachtr. Fl. D. Schutz. Sudsee. 165 (1905).

Liparis neoguineensis Schltr. in Fed. Repert. Beih. 1: 209 (1911).

Liparis obscura Hook.f. in Ic. Pl. T. 1886 (1889).

Liparis poilanei Gagnep. in Bull. Soc. Bot. Fr. 76: 514 (1929).

Liparis prainii Hook.f. in Ic. Pl. T. 1857. A (1889).

Liparis pusilla Ridl. in Journ. Linn. Soc. 22 : 294 (1886).

Malaxis angustifolia Blume in Bijdr. 393 (1825).

Malaxis caespitosa (Lam.) Thouars in ref. [62]

Malaxis minima Blume in Bijdr. 391 (1825).

Stichorkis caespitosa (Lam.) Thouars in Nouv. Bull. Sci. Soc. Philom. Paris 1: 318 (1809).

Stichorkis pusilla (Ridl.) Kulak, Margonska & Szlach. in Act. Soc. Bot. Pol. Vol. 77, 1: 35-40 (2008).

Leptorchis revoluta (Hooker & Arnott) Kuntze in Rev. Gen. Pl. 2: 671 (1891).

Répartition

Bhoutan, Borneo, Ceylan, Chine, Cambodge, Fidji, Inde, Java, Laos, Maurice, Madagascar, Malaisie, Malawi, Mozambique, Népal, Nouvelle Guinée, Ouganda, Philippines, Polynésie Française, Réunion, Samoa, Sikkim, Salomon, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Taiwan, Tanzanie, Thaïlande, Tibet, Vanuatu, Vietnam.

Borneo : Sabah, Sarawak.

Chine : Hainan, Yunnan.

Inde : Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Kerala, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh.

Philippines : Bataan , Benguet, Cotabato, Davao, Davao del Sur, Davao Oriental, Lanao del Norte, Lanao del Sur, Leyte, Mountain, Rizal, Southern Leyte.

Taiwan : New T'ai-pei, T'ai-nan, T'ai-nan.

Floraison : JFMA___ASON_. Altitude de 425 à 2100 m.

Description sommaire

Plante épiphyte. Taille de 4 à 6 cm. Feuille unique, de 40-80 × 6-8 mm, linéaires, oblongues. Fleurs de 20 à 40, jaunes, vertes. Sépale dorsal ovale, de 0-6 × 1-2 mm. Sépales latéraux ovales, de 0-6 × 1-2 mm. Pétales linéaires, à apex obtus, de 2-5 × 0-1 mm. Labelle panduriforme, supère. Chromosomes : 2n=40.

Commentaires

Espèce de large répartition en Afrique, Asie et Océanie. A Madagascar épiphyte en forêt entre 600 et 1500~m d'altitude, floraison entre février et avril.

Photos

imageCopyright Jean-Michel Hervouet, 09/11/2011, Malaisie, PAHANG.

imageCopyright Jean-Michel Hervouet, 09/11/2011, Malaisie, PAHANG.

imageCopyright Jean-Michel Hervouet, 03/04/2018, Madagascar, Haute Matsiatra.

Bibliographie

Seidenfaden & J.J. Wood. The orchids of peninsular Malaysia and Singapore. Olsen & Olsen, Fredensborg. 1992. Page 235. Dessin.

B.A. Lewis & P.J. Cribb. Orchids of the Solomon Islands and Bougainville. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. 1991. Page 96. .

Henri Perrier de la Bâthie. Flore de Madagascar. Orchidées. Tome 1. Imprimerie officielle de Tananarive. 1939. Page 262.

La Croix. Orchids of Malawi. Balkema. P.O. Box 1675 Rotterdam. 1991. Page 176. Dessin.

Seidenfaden. Orchid genera in Thailand IV. Dansk Botanisk Arkiv. 1976. Page 61. Dessin.

King & Pantling. The orchids of the Sikkim - Himalaya. Royal Botanic Garden, Calcutta. 1898. Page 32. Dessin.

Udai C. Pradhan. Indian orchids : Guide II. Udai C. Pradhan. 1979. Page 232. Dessin.

J.J. Smith. Die Orchideen von Java. E.J. Brill Leiden. 1905. Page 266. Dessin.

J.B. Comber. Orchids of Java. Bentham-Moxon Trust. Royal Botanic Gardens Kew. 1990. Page 135. Photo.

M.L. Banerji & Prabha Pradhan. The orchids of Nepal Himalaya. J. Cramer FL-9490 Vaduz. 1984. Page 274. Dessin.

Helen L. Valmayor. Orchidiana Philippiniana. Tome 1. Eugenio Lopez Foundation. 1984. Page 230.

Cribb. Flora of tropical East Africa. Orchidaceae. Part II. R.M. Polhill, A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam. 1984. Page 293.

I. La Croix & P.J. Cribb. Flora Zambesiaca. 163. Orchidaceae. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. 1995. Page 278.

D.M.A. Jayaweera. A revised handbook to the flora of Ceylon. Volume II. A.A. Balkema/Rotterdam. 1981. Page 66. Dessin.

N.R. Pearce & P.J. Cribb. The orchids of Bhutan. Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh. 2002. Page 204.

A. Schuiteman & E.F. De Vogel. Flora Malesiana. Orchids of New Guinea Vol. IV. ETI Bioinformatics. 2006. Photo.

Nantiya Vaddhanaphuti. Wild orchids of Thailand. Silkworm Books. 2005. Page 173. Photo.

S.Z. Lucksom. The orchids of Sikkim and North East Himalaya. S.Z. Lucksom. 2007. Page 284. Photo, dessin.

Cheam May Choo, Antony Van Der Ent, Embi Abdullah, Balu Perumal. Wild orchids of Cameron Highlands. Regional Environmental Awareness Cameron Highlands. 2009. Page 176. Photo.

Patrice Bernet. Orchidées de la Réunion. Naturae Amici. 2010. Page 87. Photo.

Wu Zhengyi & Peter H. Raven & Hong Deyuan. Flora of China. Orchidaceae. Science Press (Beijing). 2009. Page 222.

Hanna B. Margonska & D.L. Szlachetko. Orchidaceae of Tahiti, French Polynesia. Gdansk University Press. 2010. Page 61 (sous le nom Stichorkis cespitosa). Photo.

Zhihui Xu & Hong Jiang & Deping Ye & Ende Liu. The wild orchids in Yunnan. Yunnan Publishing Group Corporation. 2010. Page 151. Photo.

P.T. Ong, P. O'Byrne, W.S.Y. Yong, L.G. Saw. Wild orchids of peninsular Malaysia. Forest Research Institute Malaysia. 2011. Page 141. Photo.

J.J. Wood, T.E. Beaman, A. Lamb, C.C. Lun, J.H. Beaman. The orchids of Mount Kinabalu. Tome 2. Natural History Publications (Borneo). 2011. Page 381. Photo.

Jim Cootes. Philippine native orchid species. Katha Publishing. 2011. Page 175. Photo.

Dhan Bahadur Gurung. An illustrated guide to the orchids of Bhutan. DSB Publications. 2006. Page 55. Photo.

Wei-Min Lin & Yi-Fu Wang. The wild orchids of Taiwan. KBCC Press. 2014. Page 574. Photo.

Michel Szelengowicz & Jean-Maurice Tamon. Les orchidées des Mascareignes. Printec Press Holdings, Seychelles. 2013. Page 373. Photo.

Thierry Pailler, Frédéric Henze. Orchidées de la Réunion. Orphie. 2020. Page 155. Photo.

André Schuiteman, B. Ramamurthy Kailash & Uttam Babu Shrestha. A checklist of the Orchidaceae of India. Missouri Botanical Garden Press. 2022. Page 130.

Khyanjeet Gogoi. Orchids of Assam, a pictorial guide. Publication Division, Dibrugarh University. 2019. Page 347. Photo.

H.A. Pedersen et al. Flora of Thailand. Volume 12. Part 3. Orchidaceae 3. The forest herbarium, Bangkok. 2022. Page 806. Dessin.


Accueil