Calanthe triplicata (Willemet) Ames

in Phil. J. Sci. Bot. 2: 326. Fig. 14C (1907).


Calanthe bracteosa Rchb.f. in Flora, Lxv. 533 (1882).

Alismorchis angraeciflora (Rchb.f.) Kuntze in Rev. Gen. 650 (1891).

Alismorchis diploxiphion (Hook.f.) Kuntze in Rev. Gen. Pl. 2: 650 (1891).

Alismorchis furcata (Bateman) Kuntze in Rev. Gen. Pl. 2: 650 (1891).

Alismorchis gracillima (Lindl.) Kuntze in Rev. Gen. Pl. 2 (1891).

Alismorchis veratrifolia (Willd.) Kuntze in Rev. Gen. Pl. 2: 650 (1891).

Amblyglottis veratrifolia (Willd.) Blume in Bijdr. 8: 370 (1825).

Bletia quadrifida Buchanan-Hamilton in Hooker Fil., Fl. Br. Ind. 5: 851 (1890).

Calanthe angraeciflora Rchb.f. in Linnaea 41: 75 (1877).

Calanthe anthrophora Ridl. in Journ. Fed. Mal. St. Mus. 3: 167 (1915).

Calanthe australasica D.Jones & M.A.Clem. in ref. [256]P.8

Calanthe brevicolumna Hayata in Journ. Coll. Sc. Tokyo, 30. Art. 1, 328 (1911).

Calanthe breviflos Ridl. in Journ. Bot. 1925, Lxiii. Suppl. 117 (1925).

Calanthe catiligera Rchb.f. in Bonpl. 5: 37 (1857).

Calanthe comosa Rchb.f. in Linnaea 19: 374 (1846).

Calanthe diploxiphion Hook.f. in Fl. Brit. Ind. 5: 849 (1891).

Calanthe furcata Bateman in Lindley, Bot. Reg. 24:Misc. P. 28 (1838).

Calanthe gracillima Lindl. in Fol. Orch. Calanthe: 26 (1854).

Calanthe matsumurana Schltr. in Fedde Rep. 2: 168 (1906).

Calanthe nephroglossa Schltr. in Rep. Sp. Nov. Reg. Veg. 9: 99 (1911).

Calanthe orthocentron Schltr. in Fedde Rep. Beih. 1: 380 (1912).

Calanthe ovata Ridl. in J. Fed. Mal. St. Mus. 4: 69 (1909).

Calanthe proboscidea Rchb.f. in Gard. Chron. 476 (1884).

Calanthe pubescens Ridl. in Kew. Bull. 117 (1923).

Calanthe rubicallosa Masam. in J. Geobot. 23(2): 7 (1975).

Calanthe triantherifera Nadeaud in Enum. Pl. Tahiti, 38 (1873).

Calanthe veratrifolia (Willd.) R.Brown in Ker-Gawler, Bot. Reg. 9:T. 720 (1823).

Limodorum ventricosum Steud. in Nomencl. 1.: 481 (1821).

Limodorum veratrifolium Willd. in Sp. Pl. 4: 122 (1805).

Orchis triplicata Willemet in Usteri. Ann. Bot. 6Pt. 12: 52 (1796). (basionyme)

Calanthe anchorifera Rchb.f. in Gard. Chron., n.s., 19: 166 (1883).

Calanthe colorans Rchb.f. in Gard. Chron., n.s., 23: 360 (1885).

Calanthe petri Rchb.f. in Gard. Chron., n.s., 14: 326 (1880).


Australie, Bhoutan, Birmanie, Bismarck, Borneo, Ceylan, Chine, Cambodge, Fidji, Hong Kong, Inde, Japon, Java, Laos, Micronésie, Malaisie, Nouvelle Calédonie, Nouvelle Guinée, Philippines, Polynésie Française, Samoa, Salomon, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Taiwan, Thaïlande, Timor, Tonga, Vanuatu, Vietnam.

Australie : New South Wales, Queensland.

Borneo : Sabah, Sarawak.

Chine : Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Hainan, Yunnan.

Inde : Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, West Bengal.

Laos : Borikhan, Champasak, Louangphabang, Savannakhet, Viangchan, Viangchan City, Xiangkhoang.

Micronésie : Guam.

Philippines : Albay, Bataan , Benguet, Bukidnon, Camarines Norte , Camarines Sur, Camiguin, Cotabato, Davao, Davao del Sur, Davao Oriental, Eastern Samar, Kalinga-Apayao, Laguna, Lanao del Norte, Lanao del Sur, Leyte, Mindoro Occidental, Mindoro Oriental, Misamis Occidental, Misamis Oriental, Mountain, Northern Samar, Nueva Vizcaya, Pampanga, Quezon, Rizal, Samar, Sorsogon, Southern Leyte, Tawi-Tawi, Zamboanga del Norte, Zamboanga del Sur.

Taiwan : Hsin-chu, Hua-lien, I-lan, Kao-hsiung city, Nan-t'ou, New T'ai-pei, P'ing-tung, T'ai-pei, T'ai-tung, T'ao-yuan.

Floraison : JF_______OND. Altitude de 30 à 3000 m.

Description sommaire

Plante terrestre. Taille de 40 à 150 cm. Feuilles de 4 à 10, de 0-900 × 0-180 mm, lancéolées, ovales. Bractées lancéolées. Fleurs de 20 à 80, blanches. Sépale dorsal elliptique, de 0-12 × 0-7 mm. Sépales latéraux elliptiques, de 0-13 × 0-7 mm. Pétales oblongs, oblancéolés, de 0-10 × 0-4 mm. Labelle trilobé, de 13-18 × 0-13 mm.


Tonga : Kao, Tofua, Niuafo'ou et Tafahi.


imageCopyright Jean-Michel Hervouet, 17/07/2001, Borneo, Sabah.


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