Calanthe tankervilleae (Banks) Chase, Christenh. & Schuit.

in Phytotaxa 472(2):165 (2020).

Synonymes

Phaius tankervilleae (Banks) Blume in Mus. Bot. Lugd. Bat. 2: 177 (1852).

Bletia tankervilliae (Banks) R.Brown in Aiton, Hort. Kew. Ed. 2. 5: 205 (1813).

Calanthe bachmaensis Gagnep. in Bull. Mus. Nat. Hist. 2. S. 27. 4: 348 (1957).

Calanthe speciosa Vieillard in Ann. Sc. Nat., Ser. 4, 16: 44 (1861).

Limodorum incarvillei Blume in Bijdr. 374 (1825).

Limodorum incarvillei Pers. in Syn. Pl. 2: 520 (1807).

Limodorum spectabile Salisbury in Prodr. Stirp. Chap. Allerton: 9 (1796).

Limodorum tancarvilleae Banks in L'Heritier, Sert. Angl. 28 (1789). (basionyme)

Pachyne spectabilis Salisbury in Trans. Hort. Soc. London I: 261 (1812).

Phaius blumei Lindl. in Gen. Sp. Orchid. 127 (1831).

Phaius carronii F.Muell. in Ess. Pl. Esp. Burdekin: 19 (1860).

Phaius giganteus Hort. in Hemsl., Gard. Chron. 2. 565 (1882).

Phaius grandiflorus (Nadeaud) Rchb.f. in Walp. Ann. 6: 459 (1862).

Phaius grandifolius Lindl. in Gen. Sp. Orchid. 126 (1831).

Phaius incarvillei (Pers.) Kuntze in Rev. Gen. 2: 675 (1891).

Phaius leucophaeus F.Muell. in Fragm. Phyt. Aust. 4: 163 (1864).

Phaius oweniae Sander in Gard. Chron., ser. 3, 15: 539 (1894).

Phaius tankervilleae Aiton in Hort. Kew. 3: 302, T. 12 (1789).

Tankervillia cantonensis Link in Handb. 1: 251 (1829).

Tankervillia cantoniensis Link in Handb. I. 251 (1829).

Phaius grandifolius Loureiro in Fl. Cochinch.: 529 (1790).

Phaius sinensis Rolfe in Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1913: 142 (1913).

Dendrobium veratrifolium Roxburgh in Fl. Ind. ed. 1832, 3: 482 (1832).

Phaius veratrifolius (Roxburgh) Lindl. in Gen. Sp. Orchid. Pl.: 127 (1840).

Répartition

Australie, Bangladesh, Bhoutan, Birmanie, Borneo, Ceylan, Chine, Cambodge, Cook, Cuba, Fidji, Hawaï, Hong Kong, Inde, Jamaïque, Japon, Java, Laos, Malaisie, Nouvelle Calédonie, Népal, Nouvelle Guinée, Philippines, Porto Rico, Ryukyu, Samoa, Sikkim, Salomon, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Taiwan, Thaïlande, Tibet, Tonga, Vanuatu, Vietnam.

Australie : Queensland.

Borneo : Sabah, Sarawak.

Chine : Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Hainan, Yunnan.

Inde : Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Madhya Pradesh, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, Tripura, West Bengal.

Philippines : Mountain, Quezon.

Sumatra : Aceh, Bengkulu, Jambi, Lampung, Riau, Sumatera Barat, Sumatera Selatan, Sumatera Utara.

Taiwan : Hua-lien, I-lan, New T'ai-pei, T'ai-tung, T'ao-yuan.

Floraison : JFMAMJJASOND. Altitude de 300 à 1600 m.

Description sommaire

Plante terrestre. Taille de 0 à 140 cm. Tige glabre. Feuilles de 5 à 6, carénées, lancéolées, linéaires. Bractées lancéolées. Ovaire pédicellé. Fleurs de 4 à 20, roses, brunes. Eperon de 5 à 9 mm. Sépale dorsal lancéolé. Sépales latéraux lancéolés. Pétales lancéolés. Labelle ovale, trilobé. Chromosomes : 2n=46.

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